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An apprenticeship is when someone works towards a qualification on the job. They work with experienced colleagues on real projects while putting what they learn at a college or university straight into practice. Employers can develop existing staff or find and grow new talent. Apprenticeships create a motivated, skilled and qualified workforce. They can tackle possible skills gaps, boost productivity and help businesses stay competitive. A formal apprenticeship in Scotland must be aligned to a Modern, Technical or Professional Apprenticeship Framework.
In Scotland, there are three types of apprenticeship.
Whether or not a person can apply for Modern and Graduate Apprenticeships will also depend on their residency status and their right to work and stay in the UK.
No. To the employer, an apprentice is an employee and must be contracted and treated as such.
Yes, in line with your employer’s holiday policy. Modern Apprentices are subject to the same company policies and procedures as any other staff member, including benefits. And every worker in the UK is entitled to a minimum number of paid holidays. Find out more about holidays on the UK government website.
It depends on the type and level of apprenticeship, the industry and how much experience you have in the role. Your Individual Training Plan will set out your expected completion date.
No, but employers are encouraged to create apprenticeships with the intention on keeping their apprentice(s) on once they complete.
This isn’t mandated but is deemed preferable. It is advised that an employer’s intentions are made clear to the apprentice throughout so an apprentice can plan their progression accordingly.
Notifying an apprentice that they will not continue in their role only days or weeks before the apprenticeship ends is poor practice.
If you’re aged 16 to 24 you can apply to become a Modern Apprentice. You might also need some qualifications. Usually that's at least three National 4s, but it can vary from role to role.
If you’re aged 24+, you might still get a contribution to your training costs depending on what industry you’re in. This includes Modern Apprenticeships in creative and cultural skills.
From May 2017, the apprenticeship levy is paid by all UK employers who have an annual wage bill of £3million or more. It is calculated at 0.5% of an employer’s annual wage bill over the £3million and it is deducted like a tax from monthly PAYE. Levy vouchers to pay for apprenticeship training apply only in England.
For organisations that pay the levy and that have staff based in Scotland, Northern Ireland and Wales, the relevant proportion of an employer’s levy payment will be issued to the respective devolved administration.
The respective administration decides how levy funds are used. For example, if an organisation that pays the levy has 75% of its staff based in England and 25% based in Scotland, then 25% of the value of the organisation’s levy payments will be paid to Scottish Government.
Apprenticeships are recognised formally by the Government. Apprentices must be working to a published and approved Framework or Standard (which includes mandatory off-the-job training delivered by a training provider).
Apprentices by law must have a contract of employment and be paid the appropriate minimum wage rate.
Internships are time limited work opportunities which must be paid (exceptions apply). There is no formal training or accreditation attached to an internship like there is with an apprenticeship. We have separate guidance on what constitutes an appropriate internship opportunity.
Work experience describes short opportunities (usually no longer than two weeks) that allow somebody to observe the work of an organisation and gain some basic experience/understanding of a role and/or workplace.
We have separate guidance on work experience.
Skills Development Scotland (SDS) is Scotland’s national skills body involved in the delivery of apprenticeships. Full information on the three types of apprenticeships available in Scotland is available here.
Creative & Cultural Skills have a role in supporting the sector around apprenticeships and can be approached with any apprenticeship query by contacting [email protected]